Autoimmune Disease Types And Treatment

The balanced immune system is a complex chain of functions of its cells, tissues, and organs that defend our body from dangerous bacteria and foreign substances. After defeating, the immune system creates an archive about that microbe so it can destroy the bacteria for the second time easily.

In case of Autoimmune disease, the immune system network doesn’t perform its function correctly and mistakenly considers an “enemy” your body cells and fights against them. Currently, about 5 – 8% of the world’s population suffers from 80 – 100 different autoimmune diseases.

There are more than 100 different autoimmune diseases, but the most common ones are:

Psoriasis

Psoriasis makes skin cells multiply almost 10 times faster. This process leaves red patches on skin with white scales. It mostly appears on the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back but it never passes from one person to another. Common reasons for psoriasis are infection, environmental factors and sometimes stress.

Multiple Sclerosis

The reason for the sclerosis is not determined. In Multiple Sclerosis the immune system attacks the sheath (myelin) that covers nerve fibers and at this point, you will have communication problems between your brain and the rest of your body. Signs and symptoms are very different because it depends on which nerve is affected and the level of damage.

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis

Also called Hashimoto’s disease is the condition when the immune system attacks cells that create thyroid hormones. This state is called hypothyroidism. The main symptoms are:

  • weight gain
  • tiredness
  • depression
  • joint and muscle pain
  • increased sensitivity to cold

Graves Disease

This is the opposite condition to Hashimoto’s disease as the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone. This leads to hyperthyroidism. The main symptoms are:

  • nervousness or anxiety
  • fatigue
  • shaky hands
  • high blood pressure
  • weight loss
  • light, irregular menstruation

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (Lupus)

Lupus damages joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, brain, heart and lungs. The reasons for Lupus may be:

  • Genetic
  • Environmental
  • Hormonal
  • Certain medicines

Autoimmune Encephalitis

For all autoimmune encephalitis, there are a number of common symptoms: mental disorders, impaired memory, seizures. It’s a type of brain inflammation where your immune system attacks healthy cells and tissues in the brain.

Type 1 Diabetes

Also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. As a result, the immune system destroys cells in the pancreas that make insulin. Insulin is a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy. Man symptoms are:

  • frequent urination
  • increased thirst
  • a loss of energy
  • blurred vision
  • hunger

Myasthenia Gravis

Is the disease where the communication between the nerves and muscles fails. As a result, you may feel muscle weakness and lose control over how you move your body muscles. The main symptoms are:

  • trouble talking
  • problems walking
  • difficulty swallowing or chewing
  • Facial paralysis

The most complicated part is that autoimmune disorders can not be distinguished very easily and quickly, so you need to be extra attentive to the most common and early signs.

Unfortunately, there is no certain reason and the way to find out why the autoimmune disease occurs and there is no guaranteed treatment for it. However, the main reason for the disease are:

  • genetic
  • environmental factors
  • gender
  • sex hormones
  • infection

Treatments can’t make the autoimmune disease disappear but they can control the overactive immune response and calm down the inflammation process reducing pain. Here are the common ways of treatment:

  • anti-inflammatory drugs
  • physical therapy
  • surgery
  • high dose immunosuppression
  • pain-killing medication

This world is full of different diseases but it doesn’t matter one can ever lose an interest to find the right treatment for it. There is always a way to make it better, well yes but you will need patience, willingness to make it, and the positivity that will make each day brighter. Never forget to live your best life.

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