water treatment chemicals

A Brief Guide To Water Treatment Chemicals

Before drinking water or using it for irrigation, boiler, swimming pool, or other purposes, you must thoroughly treat it. Using untreated water puts you at significant risk of contracting several diseases because of parasites, bacteria, and viruses. Even though you can carry out water treatment by various methods, none work as efficiently as chemicals because they completely neutralize the dirty and other unwanted particles.

A water treatment chemicals supplier will provide you with the substances you need for water treatment. However, water treatment substances are of different types, and their usage depends on what you plan on using the water for. For example, TCCA and CHC work best for swimming pools. What factors must you consider before buying them and other details you should know about these water purifying agents?

A short intro to water treatment chemicals

Water treatment chemicals are substances like tablets and powders that destroy harmful substances in the water. Besides viruses and parasites, they also cover corrosion substances, heavy metals, and various toxic elements. Industries use them for boilers, oil fields, and cooling water treatments. The specific chemical may vary depending on their application, for instance, dispersant, corrosion inhibitor, bactericide, flocculant, and defoamer.

What are the different water treatments?

These chemicals are suitable for four main types of treatment: boiler, drinking water, industrial, and swimming pool water. Here’s a detailed look at the specific chemicals for each.

• Drinking water

It is of the utmost importance to purify drinking water by eliminating harmful substances. Not doing so could place you at the risk of contracting diseases like dysentery, typhoid, cholera, and diarrhea. The most commonly used chemical for domestic water purification is PAC (poly aluminum chloride). The two subtypes of PAC that help you eliminate pathogens, parasites, and bacteria for domestic water purposes are PAC FBO1 and PAC FB02.

PAC FB01 is pure white, is low alkaline, and has low insolubility. PAC FB02 has a light yellow shade and provides the highest stability, purity, and strong flocculation (the treatment process removes sediments and other particles from the fluid).

• Boiler Water

Companies heat water in boilers to produce high-quality steam for various purposes. Using untreated water leads to the rusting of the metal pipes, affecting the machine’s overall performance. Any impurities might even lead to a complete breakdown of the device itself. Chemicals like TSP, SHMP, and STPP help prevent corrosion, scale build-up, enhance heat exchange rate, and improve water reusability.

TSP, which resembles a white crystal, causes a softening of the hard water and even weakens the scale formation, thus preventing the metal from rusting. SHMP prevents the growth of microorganisms, while STPP, a white crystal-like powder, prevents scale formation and development of calcium carbonate crystals.

• Industrial wastewater

Untreated industrial wastewater has devastating causes for humans, animals, and the environment. It releases toxins into the ecosystem, while nutrients like nitrogen and phosphorus kill marine life and cause havoc to the natural ecosystem.

The two primary substances used to treat industrial wastewater are polyacrylamide (PAM) and poly aluminum chloride (PAC). PAM has three subtypes: anionic, cationic, and nonionic, each of which plays a vital role in clearing the water or harmful elements. Anionic is ideal for separating sediments and solid particles in the water and is used by steel, metallurgical, and coal washing plants.

Industries mainly use cationic for clarification, sedimentation, and concentration purposes, while nonionic is effective for treating acidic wastewater. If you want to get rid of high algae, you should consider using PAC FB04.

• Swimming pool

You must never enter a swimming pool that contains untreated water. The presence of algae, viruses, bacteria, and other harmful organisms might cause various health problems like diarrhea, gastroenteritis, rash, and swimmer’s ear. Adding chemicals to the pool eliminates toxic substances, improves the water’s quality, and prevents foul odor.

Trichloroisocyanuric acid (TCCA), sodium dichloroisocyanuric acid (SDIC), and calcium hypochlorite (CHC) are the three main chemicals that are suitable for swimming pool treatment. TCCA is a disinfectant that kills bacteria in the pool while being friendly to the skin and eyes. SDIC lends transparency to the water and has strong anti-bacterial properties, and CHC prevents the corrosion of pipes and pool walls.

How to select a supplier?

It is crucial to buy your product from a reliable supplier because they will guarantee you the highest quality. The supplier must have run various authentic and treatment tests to determine the chemical’s efficiency, processing rate, and acidity index. You should check if they have passed tests like ISO9001 and assure the product’s safety. It would also be helpful if the supplier was experienced and could guarantee timely delivery.

A reliable water treatment chemicals supplier will usually have these chemicals in stock. However, you should check the product, composition, and other details before placing your order.

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